As an urban ethnographer, I use fieldwork, historical, and other qualitative methods to investigate how recent developments—specifically mass incarceration, zero-tolerance policing, digital social media, and new forms of cultural production—have reshaped the social fabric of disadvantaged neighborhoods in the twenty-first century. In the spirit of the Chicago School of Sociology, I pay close attention to the ways that individuals and communities make sense of their social worlds. This agenda has led to number of original research projects, community organizing efforts, and intervention programs.

My research has been published in Social ProblemsUrban Studies, Law and Society ReviewLaw and Social Inquiry, Theoretical Criminology, Journal of Contemporary Ethnography, Annual Review of Law and Social ScienceSouls, Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, and a number of other venues. I have also written long form articles on my research for Mother Jones, Wired Magazine, Chicago Magazine, and other popular press outlets. 

My first book, Down, Out, and Under Arrest: Policing and Everyday Life in Skid Row (University of Chicago Press)is an in-depth ethnography of Los Angeles’ Skid Row district, an area long regarded as the “homeless capital of America.” Beginning in the early 2000s, Skid Row became distinguished as the site of one of the most aggressive “zero tolerance” campaigns to date, characterized by arguably the largest concentration of standing police forces found anywhere in the United States. Examining the interactions between police officers and the neighborhood's impoverished and homeless inhabitants, the book considers how this new configuration of social control and social welfare is re-constituting poverty, crime, and space, as well as the relationship existing between the police and the policed. In 2017, Down, Out, and Under Arrest received the American Sociological Association's Robert E. Park Award for Best Book in Community and Urban Sociology.

I am currently writing my second book, which investigates how digital social media transform the social organization of gangs and gang violence. On a broader level, this research sheds much-needed light on the manifestations and meanings of urban inequality in the digital age.